By Kori ~ April 28th, 2008.
â€œThe differences between wines are genetically inherited: the vines and the vineyard are the bloodline. They are also inherited: when the vine is pruned, as the grapes ripen, when they are picked, as they are fermented and matured and bottled and stored again.â€ –Hugh Johnson, A Life Uncorked
On two recent occasions, I have been asked about â€œreserveâ€ wines. In both instances, the person asking the question logically assumed that wines labeled â€œreserveâ€ must be better than those that are not. However, the word â€œreserveâ€ on a bottle of wine doesnâ€™t always mean that it is better than any other bottle from that vintner. In some cases it does, but in many cases it does not.
In 1999, Washington became the first state (and I believe still the only one) to define standards for â€œreserveâ€ wines. According to a measure adopted by the Washington Wine Quality Alliance, the word â€œreserveâ€ can be used for no more than 10% of a wineryâ€™s production or up to 3,000 cases and the wine must be of higher quality than most wines made by that winery. Thus, â€œreserveâ€ wines in Washington (at least from wineries that adhere to the WWQA standards) truly are the best of the best. In other states and countries, the use of the word â€œreserveâ€ is mostly a marketing gimmick.
Other terms on labels that sometimes cause confusion when used to imply superior quality are â€œestate grownâ€ or â€œestate bottled.â€ In reality, estate vineyards are simply vineyards that are owned by the winery; therefore, â€œestate grownâ€ grapes come from such vineyards.
â€œEstate bottledâ€ simply means that the vineyard and the winery are located in the same viticultural region and the wine was bottled at the winery that owns or has direct control of the vineyard. There is nothing in this term that connotates superior quality.
What do you think the criteria should be for a wine to be labeled â€œreserveâ€?
Filed under: General Wine Information